Dozen more mysterious GIANT craters in Russia spark fears of looming natural disaster
FOUR new mysterious "giant craters", and many smaller
ones, have appeared in northern Russia - sparking fears over a looming natural disaster in the Arctic.
SOURCE:- EXPRESS February 24, 2015
Scientists said the Siberian craters were likely caused by explosions from gas hydrates
Observation from space has revealed the dramatic mushrooming of the holes, believed to be caused by methane gas eruptions in melting permafrost due to climate change, scientists revealed today.
A leading Russian expert sounded
an alert over safety because one new Siberian crater, surrounded by at least 20 "baby holes", is just six miles from a major gas production plant.
He predicts up to 30 more are waiting to be discovered.
Scientsts are still baffled by the exact
processes causing the craters and respected Moscow expert Professor Vasily Bogoyavlensky today called for "urgent" investigation of the new phenomenon amid safety fears.
This picture shows a map of the four craters VASILY BOGOYAVLENSKY
Until now, the existence of only three Siberian craters had been established.
"We know now of seven
craters in the Arctic area," he told The Siberian Times - referring to the larger holes.
"Five are directly on the Yamal peninsula, one in Yamal Autonomous district, and one is on the north of the Krasnoyarsk region, near the Taimyr peninsula.
have exact locations for only four of them.
"The other three were spotted by reindeer herders.
Rising temperatures are believed to create ideal conditions for more craters VASILY BOGOYAVLENSKY
It is important not to scare people, but this is a very serious problem. We must research this phenomenon
urgently to prevent possible disasters
"But I am sure that there are more craters on Yamal, we just need to search for them.
"I would compare this with mushrooms.
"When you find one mushroom, be sure there
are few more around. I suppose there could be 20 to 30 craters more."
Two of the newly-discovered large craters - also known as funnels to scientists - have turned into lakes, revealed Professor Bogoyavlensky, deputy director of the Moscow-based Oil
and Gas Research Institute, part of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
"It is important not to scare people, but this is a very serious problem.
"We must research this phenomenon urgently to prevent possible disasters. We cannot rule out new gas
emissions in the Arctic and in some cases they can ignite."
Satellite images of the giant craters that have alerted scientists VASILY BOGOYAVLENSKY
The first hole was spotted in 2013 by helicopter pilots 20 miles from a gas extraction plant at Bovanenkovo, on the Yamal Peninsula.
An examination of the area using satellite images, comparing landscapes in the past with the present day, has alerted Russian experts to the prospect that the phenomenon is more widespread than first thought.
Experts are particularly interested in
a crater they name B2, which just six miles to the south of the gas field at Bovanenkovo.
Old satellite imagery shows no sign of craters at the site but there now exists a lake, 100 metres by 50 metres, surrounded by 20 smaller holes filled with water.
These mini-craters are just a metre or two in diameter.
And, following the discovery of a funnel at Antipayuta, on the Yamal Peninsula, nearby residents told scientists about seeing a flash of light, possibly as a result of gas exploding.
Yamal lake showing signs of 'degassing' VASILY BOGOYAVLENSKY
Bogoyavlensky said: "We need to answer now the basic questions: what areas, and under what conditions, are the most dangerous?
"These questions are important for the safe operation of the northern cities and infrastructure of oil and gas complexes."
There is already scientific concern that Lake Baikal, the largest and oldest freshwater lake in the world, but well outside the Arctic Circle, could be among the places sitting on a "time bomb" ready to explode.
Scientists have previously said there
is growing evidence that rising temperatures is the main catalyst triggering the blasts. Any continued increase - as is predicted by meteorologists - could create the ideal conditions for more craters to be formed.
It is thought permafrost at the sites
could have one million times more methane hydrates locked inside than ordinary gas. One expert estimated that the total explosive power of the craters has been the equivalent of about 11 tonnes of TNT.
Satellite imagery shows signs of craters at a site that previously had none VASILY BOGOYAVLENSKY
There are also two tectonic fault lines across the Yamal Peninsula, with another possibility being that the blow-outs are caused by a deadly combination of heat leaving these rifts, a higher than normal air temperature, and the "fire ice" melting.
professor revealed one picture of a Yamal lake showing signs of what he calls "degassing".
"This haze that you see on the surface shows gas seeps from the bottom of the lake to the surface," he said.
"We call this process 'degassing'."
is not sure if this lake, too, was previously a crater "or if the lake formed from another process.
"More important is that the gases from within are actively seeping through this lake."
by SNS author of "OUT OF THE BOTTOMLESS PIT" book and this website:-
If you have read some of the articles on this website about GLOBAL COOLING and a possible coming ICE-AGE, then you will realize that the official explanation about the cause of these large SINK HOLES in RUSSIA simply does NOT add up! There
have been hundreds of SINK HOLES around the world appearing suddenly, with some of them absolutely massive. I think it unlikely that the sudden loss of the PERMAFROST is causing the massive SINK HOLES in RUSSIA as
the planet has actually been cooling down for the past 19 years according to honest scientists!