Is Something Strange Happening

Inside the Earth?


Why are “giant fountains of lava” suddenly pouring out of some of the most dangerous volcanoes on the entire planet, and why are so many long dormant volcanoes suddenly roaring back to life?  The spectacular eruption of Mt. Etna in Italy is making headlines all over the world, but it is far from alone.  According to Volcano Discovery, 35 major volcanoes either are erupting right now or have just recently erupted, and dozens of others are stirring.  So what is causing this upsurge in volcanic activity?  Is something strange happening inside the Earth?

According to the USGS, magma is “molten rock underground”, and lava is molten rock “that breaks through the Earth’s surface”.  Right now, something is pushing magma up through the crust of the Earth at a number of key spots around the planet.  On the island of Sicily, the “giant fountains of lava” that are coming out of Mt. Etna can be seen 30 kilometers away

On the other side of the world, a constant stream of molten rock has been springing out of Guatemala’s “Volcano of Fire” since February 25th

And in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, a “firehose of lava” has been pouring out of the Kilauea Volcano since December 31st.

Meanwhile, a number of large volcanoes that have been dormant for a very long time all over the world have started springing back to life.

For instance, the only active volcano in India has suddenly started “spewing lava and ash” after being silent for 150 years…

At one time scientists would speak of “dead volcanoes”, but now we learning that it really isn’t safe to speak of any volcano as being completely “dead”.  So many of these long dormant volcanoes are roaring back to life, and why this is suddenly happening now is puzzling many of the experts.

And as you have seen, this isn’t isolated to just one or two geographic regions.  It literally is happening all over the globe.

Last month, Indonesia’s Mount Sinabung in the southern hemisphere erupted seven times in the space of a single day, and meanwhile authorities in the northern hemisphere were warning us that four of Iceland’s biggest volcanoes are preparing to erupt.

Indonesia and Iceland are about as far apart as you can get, and yet they are both being affected by this worldwide phenomenon.

Without a doubt, something definitely appears to be causing a significant increase in worldwide seismic activity.

Let’s talk about earthquakes for a moment.  A website known as the Big Wobble recently published an article that included two extraordinary maps.  The first map showed the number of major earthquakes from January 1900 to January 1917, and the second map showed the number of major earthquakes from January 2000 to January 2017.  The difference between the two maps was startling to say the least.

It is becoming extremely difficult to deny that something is happening to the crust of our planet, and many are becoming concerned about what we could soon experience if the level of seismic activity continues to rise.

We already talked about Mt. Etna, but a much greater threat in Italy appears to be awakening under the city of Naples.  A massive supervolcano known as “Campi Flegrei” is close to a “critical state”, and if it erupts the consequences will be beyond catastrophic.  The following comes from National Geographic

If that supervolcano were to fully erupt, millions could die, the skies in the northern hemisphere would be darkened for months and the resulting “volcanic winter” would cause famines all around the globe.

And the same things could be said about the supervolcano that is awakening in North Korea too.

In the United States, we should be watching the volcanoes on the west coast for signs of trouble, and my regular readers know that I am particularly concerned about Mt. Rainier.  There is an eruption of Mt. Rainier in “The Beginning Of The End“, and it is in there for a reason.

Someday Mt. Rainier will erupt, and the horror that this will mean for the Northwest is beyond anything that I could put into words for you right now.

We live at a time when our planet is becoming increasingly unstable, and a major natural disaster could change all of our lives in a single moment.

Just because our lives have been somewhat “normal” for an extended period of time does not mean that they will always be this way, and those that are ignoring the rumblings of our planet do so at their own peril.

SOURCE:-  The Daily Sheeple


Let’s talk about the volcanic eruptions that we have seen in recent days.

Michael Sndyer -

MAY 23, 2016


Have you noticed that our planet has begun to shake, rattle and roll?

Over the past few days we have seen major volcanic eruptions in Costa Rica and Indonesia, and according to Volcano Discovery 40 volcanoes around the planet are erupting right now as you read this article. Meanwhile, earthquakes continue to shake the globe with alarming regularity. Just last week, Ecuador was hit by a magnitude 6.7 earthquake and a magnitude 6.8 earthquake in rapid succession. Overall, there have been more than 3,000 earthquakes of magnitude 1.5 or greater within the past month globally. So yes, I write constantly about the rapidly accelerating deterioration of our financial system, but the coming “collapse” is not just about money. I am convinced that we are entering a “perfect storm” in which a confluence of factors will absolutely cripple society and bring about changes that most of us would not even dare to imagine right now.

Let’s talk about the volcanic eruptions that we have seen in recent days. The eruption down in Costa Rica took authorities completely by surprise, and a thick layer of dust and ash is coating vehicles and buildings 30 miles away in the capital city of San Jose…

A volcano has erupted in central Costa Rica, belching smoke and ash up to 3,000m (9,840ft) into the air.

Hundreds of people have gone to hospital, complaining of breathing difficulties and skin problems.

Some schools were shut and some flights into the country cancelled or diverted.

People in the capital San Jose, about 45km (30 miles) west of the Turrialba volcano, said layers of ash had coated buildings and cars and there was a fierce smell of sulphur.

Leading up to this eruption, there were “swarms of small earthquakes” in the vicinity of the volcano, but scientists assured the public that these earthquake swarms were “not signs of an imminent eruption.”

Keep that in mind, because later in the article I am going to show you something.

But first let us talk about the other major eruption that is happening right now. Down in Indonesia, Mount Sinabung has violently erupted, and this is causing all sorts of chaos…

The death toll from a volcanic eruption in western Indonesia has climbed to six, an official said Sunday, with fears more could have been trapped by the hot ash.

Three people also remain in a critical condition after Mount Sinabung, a highly-active volcano on Sumatra island, unleashed a series of fresh eruptions on Saturday afternoon, disaster agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said.

“Nine people were struck by the hot clouds. Six died, and three others remain critical with burns,” he said, adding the injured had been taken to hospital.

According to one report, “torrents of lava” are pouring out of the volcano, and this is just one example of how volcanoes that were once considered to be “inactive” are coming to life all over the world. In fact, prior to 2010 Mount Sinabung had been dormant for about 400 years.

Meanwhile, there is “unprecedented” activity at Iceland’s very dangerous Baroabunga volcano. This one is not erupting quite yet, but we definitely want to keep an eye on it, because a major eruption there would have serious implications for Europe.

To finish this article, I would like to provide an update to a piece that I posted last week on End of the American Dream. Just prior to the eruption of the Turrialba volcano in Costa Rica, there were significant earthquake swarms in the vicinity of the volcano. Well, the exact same thing is happening at three major volcanoes in the United States right now.

I would like to share three images with you that come from Google Earth via the Pacific Northwest Seismic Network. This first image shows the earthquake activity that has taken place in the area around Mt. St. Helens in recent days. Over the past month there have been 95 earthquakes in the region, and most of them have been centered right along the core of the volcano…

This next image shows what has been happening at Mt. Rainier. Those that follow my work closely already know that I consider it to be the most dangerous mountain in America and that I believe that a major eruption of the volcano is coming in the not too distant future. There have been 36 earthquakes at Mt. Rainier over the past month, and once again most of them have occurred right along the core of the volcano…

Mt. Hood is also a very dangerous volcano. There have been 126 earthquakes in the vicinity of Mt. Hood in recent days, and in this image you can see that the earthquakes have been centered very tightly on a spot on the south face of the mountain. This is alarming because it was also the south side of Mt. St. Helens that violently erupted back in 1980…

When there are major volcanic eruptions or major earthquakes in other parts of the globe, many Americans don’t seem to care too much because they don’t think that this rise in global seismic activity is any sort of a threat to them personally.

But the truth is that the entire west coast of the United States lies along the Ring of Fire, and virtually every other section of the Ring of Fire is roaring to life these days.

At some point, there will be historic earthquakes on the west coast.

At some point, there will be historic volcanic eruptions on the west coast.

Scientists assure us that these things are inevitable.

So let us certainly hope for the best, but putting our heads in the sand and pretending that these dangers do not exist is not going to help matters one bit.

May 25, 2016

'Hell Unleashed On Earth Like Never Before' - Are 40 Volcanoes Erupting Across Planet At Same Time More Signs Of 'End Times'? We Have Entered A Truly Tumultuous Period Of Time 

By Stefan Stanford - All News Pipeline - Live Free Or Die

Since May 1st alone, Steve Quayle has linked to AT LEAST 15 stories in his 'hot news' section about the huge number of volcanoes now erupting around the world. As we learn in the 1st video below from Gary Franchi of the Next News Network, at least 40 volcanoes are now erupting worldwide and, as we have reported previously on ANP, our planet Earth is 'ready to rumble' as the Earth's crust becomes more and more unstable.

The stories that Steve has linked to in May involving volcanic eruptions include Costa Rica's Turrialba volcano, the 3rd central American volcano to erupt this week, and one that stunned experts who had assured that recent earthquake swarms near the volcano meant nothing and had said there was no signs of an imminent eruption. A story that SQ linked to from RT asked "Hell opens?" in relation to the Costa Rican volcano as it spewed gases, ash and a column of smoke high into the sky.

As YouTube videographer 
TruthUnveiled777 shares with us in the 2nd video below, with 3 different volcanoes having erupted across 3 different continents over the weekend, and all of this happening at a time of massive unrest on many different levels, are we witnessing prophecy unfolding? As is also shared with us, 'hell is being unleashed on Earth like never before.' Are all of these volcanoes erupting at once a sign that a major catastrophe is about to befall us?

Volcanic eruptions aren't the only 'Earth changes' that we're now paying attention to as the Extinction Protocol recently told us that earthquakes have returned to Iceland's Bardabunga volcano, the 'sudden rise in activity' totally catching geologists by surprise, and only a little more than a year after it erupted for nearly 6 months straight. The Extinction Protocol also recently told us about Oregon's Mount Hood being shaken by a recent quake storm of about 40 quakes while on Tuesday, a story at the Daily Mail informed us that we should "forget about" the Cascadia Subduction zone and San Andreas fault line, a 'Hayward fault megaquake' could cause the greatest natural disaster ever to hit the US according to experts

At the end of its 140-year-cycle according to research geophysicist Tom Brocher, we learn that the Hayward fault could produce a major earthquake 'at any time' and scientists warn 'it could trigger an earthquake any day now'. We're also told that the last 5 major earthquakes on this fault line have happened about 140 years apart but the last time that we had one there, way back in 1868, was 147 years ago and that area is much more populated now than it was back then.

Are all of the Earth changes that we have been witnessing across the planet recently tied to 'end times'? Are these some of  the 'signs in the Heavens and the Earth' that we were long ago warned of? With Mount St Helen's also shaking recently with more than 130 quakes taking place under the mountain with increasing frequency in early May, soon after scientists warned of 'Biblical quakes on the horizon', it's clear that we have entered a truly tumultuous period of time

According to the recent story from Charisma News, there are now 5 'signs' that have so many pastors believing that the Biblical End Times are approaching, if not already here. While we're certainly not in the position to verify that claim, it's become quite clear that we are living in truly historical times with all that is unfolding all around us. As Susan Duclos recently told us on ANP, "The Gates Of Hell Have Truly Opened" as all barriers between supernatural evil and the realm of human existence have been breached. We'll close with an excerpt from the Charisma News story.:

In fact, many contemporary theologians and pastors believe they're observing numerous signs in the current culture that mirror the supposedly prophetic contents of Scriptures in Old and New Testament books like Ezekiel, Daniel and Revelation—events that they say could soon come to fruition.

So what has convinced these theologians and pastors that the end times could be ramping up? That's a question that I cover in-depth in my newly released book, The Armageddon Code: One Journalist's Quest for End-Times Answers, through interviews with around 20 of the most prevalent eschatology experts.

Many of these theologians and pastors told me that sweeping moral decay, biblical disconnectedness and ongoing violence in the Middle East are just a few of the prophetic markers that they believe were foretold thousands of years ago in both the Old and New Testaments.

But how can Christian leaders be so sure that the biblical end times are approaching? Jesus Himself foretold of His future Second Coming. The problem? Christ also proclaimed in Matthew 24:36 that "no one knows" the day or the hour of His return. While the Bible proclaims that humanity cannot know the "when," Jesus did reveal to the disciples some of signs of His Second Coming in Matthew 24:6-8:

Mexico's Popocatépetl volcano spews ash two MILES into the air:-

 Puebla is caked in white dust as

eruption forces closure of airport

  • The Mexican volcano Popocatépetl began erupting around 2.30am on Monday, covering the city in dust and ash
  • Popocatépetl has been a highly active volcano near the city of Puebla since 1994 and erupted early this year also
  • A massive plume of ash and smoke shot two miles into the air during the eruption, which caused Puebla International Airport to shut down from 7am until 1pm
  • A webcam captured the spectacular explosion in a black and white video at the moment of the eruption 
  • Officials are urging people to wear masks to avoid inhaling the fine grit, which has covered houses and cars 

A Mexican volcano that has been active on and off since 1994 has erupted over Santiago Xalitzintla village in Puebla, Mexico, blanketing the city in dusty, white ash.

The Popocatépetl volcano began erupting around 2.30am on Monday, sending ash two miles into the air.

The eruption sent glowing rock hurling through the air as far as a mile away from the crater.

Scroll down for video 

The plume covered an area home to approximately 25 million people in the area of Puebla, Mexico. The thick smoke and ash have since caked the city in white dust

The plume was so thick it forced Puebla International Airport to close from 7am until approximately 1pm, according to Mexico News Daily

Civil Protection authorities warned against approaching the volcano.

'It is important to respect the security radius of 12 kilometers (seven and a half miles) due to the danger of incandescent fragments being emitted,' national coordinator Luis Felipe Puente tweeted on Monday.

A webcam pointed at the volcano caught the moment it erupted on Monday morning. 

First a bright burst of light appears, whiting out the screen, only to reveal the plume shooting upward and incandescent, blazing lava and rock cascading down the mountain's side.  

Dust and ash have settled on the city since the early morning explosion and officials are urging people to wear masks to avoid inhaling the fine grit that has covered houses and cars.  




You may not have noticed, but our planet is becoming increasingly unstable.  According toVolcano Discovery, 40 volcanoes around the globe are erupting right now, and only 6 of them are not along the Ring of Fire.  If that sounds like a very high number to you, that is because it is a very high number.  As I have written about previously, there were a total of 3,542 volcanic eruptions during the entire 20th century.  When you divide that number by 100, that gives you an average of about 35 volcanic eruptions per year.  So the number of volcanoes that are erupting right now is well above the 20th century’s average for an entire calendar year.  And of course we are witnessing a tremendous amount of earthquake activity as well.  Nepal was just hit by the worst earthquake that it had seen in 80 years, and scientists are telling us that the Himalayas actually dropped by an astounding 3 feet as a result of that one earthquake.  How much more does our planet have to shake before people start paying attention?

Of course the things that we have been seeing lately are part of a much larger long-term trend.  Seismic activity appears to have been getting stronger over the past few decades, and now things really seem to be accelerating.  The following is how one news sourcerecently summarized what we have been witnessing…

But of course most Americans are never going to care about any of this until it starts affecting them personally.

Well, perhaps they should start paying attention to the warning signs.  In recent weeks we have seen significant earthquakes in Michigan, Texas, Mississippi, California, Idaho And Washington.  In addition, it is being reported that pressure is building in dormant volcanoes in Arizona and California.  Just because we have not had a killer earthquake or a large volcanic eruption in the U.S. in recent years does not mean that it will always be that way.  Right now the entire planet appears to be waking up, and this especially seems to be true of the Ring of Fire.

If you are not familiar with the Ring of Fire, just imagine a giant ring that runs around the outer perimeter of the Pacific Ocean.  Approximately 90 percent of all earthquakes and approximately 75 percent of all volcanic eruptions occur within this area, and the entire west coast of North America is considered to be part of the Ring of Fire.

For so long, the west coast has been incredibly blessed not to have experienced a major seismic event.  But scientists tell us that it is only a matter of time.

And right now, just about every other part of the Ring of Fire is shaking violently.

For example, a magnitude 6.8 earthquake just hit Japan on Wednesday

One Japanese expert is warning that Japan “might have entered an era of great earthquakes and volcanic eruptions“, and considering the immense devastation that the great earthquake and tsunami of 2011 caused, that is a very sobering assessment.

Meanwhile, a series of very strong earthquakes have struck Papua New Guinea recently as well.  The following comes from the Washington Post

Once again, just because things have always been a certain way does not mean that they will always be that way.

As Americans, we are not accustomed to being concerned about major earthquakes and massive volcanic eruptions, but that could soon change in a big way.

The truth is that our planet and our sun are changing in ways that are unpredictable and that our scientists don’t completely understand.

For example, a recent LiveScience article discussed the fact that scientists are deeply puzzled by the fact that the magnetic field of our planet is getting weaker 10 times faster than previously believed…

And in a previous article, I discussed how one scientist has discovered that activity on the sun is declining at a faster pace “than at any time in the last 9300 years” right now.

I don’t pretend to have all the answers for why these things are happening, but clearly some very unusual things are taking place.

So what do you think?

Do you believe that you know why our planet and our sun are experiencing such dramatic changes?

Earth changes intensifying: Volcanoes across the globe go ballistic as 2016 arrives

February 2016MEXICO A volcano eruption in western Mexico has sent a spectacular plume of smoke and ash high into the air. Colima volcano is one of three that make up the Colima Volcanic Complex, near the west coast of Mexico. It is one of the most active volcanoes in the country and has erupted more than 40 times, including several times in the past few years. The volcano is permanently monitored by the University of Colima. –ABC
Kilauea VolcanoHawaii: (Jan 10, 2016) Nature’s fury was on full display as a rock fall in Hawaii cause an impressive explosion at Kilauea volcano. Volcano watchers recorded the massive explosion on Friday morning, when rocks splashed into the lake of lava at Halemaumau crater. These types of explosions are likely to occur when the lava lake level is relatively high, as it was on Friday, scientists say.
In fact, the lake was about 100 feet below the vent’s rim right before the blast. When the lava lake is high, scientists say rocks in the vent wall heat up, expand and then become unstable causing a big section of the rocks to collapse. Fortunately, the explosion does not pose a threat to any neighboring communities. Kileaua’s ongoing eruption began way back in January of 1983. –ABC 13
Mount EgonIndonesia: (Jan 19, 2016) More than 1,200 people were evacuated from their homes when a volcano in eastern Indonesia spews clouds of ash and toxic gas into the air on January 19, 2016. Officials said they had distributed thousands of gas masks to villagers around Mount Egon in eastern Flores Island as the choking fumes from the volcano intensified. All residents within three kilometers of the volcano were ordered to evacuate and roads were also closed.
The volcano began rumbling in December of 2015 but has become more active in recent months. During its last serious eruption in 2008, Mount Egon blasted smoke and volcanic material nearly six kilometers into the atmosphere. In January 2004, the volcano erupted, forcing 6,000 people to evacuate the area. Mount Egon is one of 129 active volcanoes in Indonesia, which sits on the Ring of Fire, a belt of seismic activity running around the basin of the Pacific Ocean. –ABC
San Miguel – El Salvador: A new phase of eruptive activity began at the volcano on January 11, 2016. Accompanied by a spike in volcanic tremor, weak to moderate ash emissions have been occurring from the main crater. This activity, the 22nd eruptive phase since Dec 2013 according to MARN, has been slowing waning since the eruption.
MomotomboNicaragua: A strong vulcanian explosion occurred January 12, 2016 at 12:10 local time at the volcano. An ash plume rose approximately 3 km from the summit and it generated a small pyroclastic flow.
Mount Makaturing Philippines:  (Jan 22, 2016) Authorities in Lanao del Sur are investigating the cause of a fire that destroyed the mountain forests of Butig town near Cagayan de oro City, in the Philippines on Thursday night, with the nearby Mount Makaturing volcano high on the suspect list. The magma mount is one of the most active in the Philippines and sits on the Pacific Ring of Fire.
The 1,940-metre peak is believed to have erupted 10 times in the past, and could be due another as the last on record was in March 1882. According to locals, heavy smoke enveloped the area near the town as well as Alamada in Wao town and the blaze appeared “lava-like,” as it glowed from the distance throughout Thursday night and into the early hours. –Express
Popocatepetl VolcanoMexico: (Jan 25, 2016) Ashes from the Popocatepetl volcano have rained down on the airport of the central Mexican city of Puebla, prompting authorities to temporarily shut down operations.
Four explosions and 39 low-intensity exhalations of ash were recorded between Sunday and Monday at the 5,452-metre volcano, according the National Disaster Prevention Centre. Puebla state civil protection department director Jesus Morales said airport operations would be closed for three hours so workers could remove ash from the runway.
The shutdown will not affect any flights as none are due to land during that time, he said. Popocatepetl, which is 55 kilometres south-east of Mexico City, had its last major eruption in 2000, forcing thousands of people to evacuate from surrounding towns. –ABC
Turrialba VolcanoCosta Rica: On Saturday afternoon, geologists at the Observatory on Volcanology and Seismology at the National University of Costa Rica (Spanish acronym: OVSICORI) reported a new eruption at the Turrialba Volcano, the most active colossus in our country. The volcanic event took place about ten minutes before 2:00 pm during a warm, yet extremely windy, afternoon. The seismographic sensors of the OVSICORI began stirring after 1:50 pm, at which time the scientists on duty activated their crater cameras to capture the eruption.
In the beginning, the eruption was mostly a slow emanation of volcanic ash and noxious gases. About ten minutes into the natural event, a more powerful ejection occurred and a solid plume formed about 500 meters into the air. Thanks to the crisp weather conditions and the clear-blue afternoon skies, the eruption on the western crater was visible from the summit of the nearby Irazu volcano.
Chemistry experts at the OVSICORI combined their observations with data from the Institute of Meteorology to provide a forecast of where the ash clouds were headed yesterday. To this effect, they used the AERMOD atmospheric dispersion modeling system to create a forecast that indicated a northwesterly direction high over Guapiles and passing over most of the Heredia province on municipal elections day. Some ash fell on the vegetation and crops of the massive Finca La Picada farm near the volcano. Elsewhere, a strong smell of sulfur was detected by neighbors in Concepcion de Heredia.
As previously reported by The Costa Rica Star, past activity from the Turrialba has disrupted daily life with school and airport closures as well as diminished farming operations; nonetheless, that does not seem to be the case at this time. –Costa Rica Star

The Arctic Ocean is heating from below, a new study has found.

“The strength of heat coming up from below the surface has been as strong as the heat coming down from the Sun,” said the mission’s chief scientist, Jennifer MacKinnon, of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego.

“There’s a reservoir of heat in the Arctic Ocean, well beneath the surface, that historically – when there’s been a lot of ice – has been fairly quiescent,” Dr MacKinnon explained.

The heat is being brought to the surface by surprisingly strong eddies, Dr MacKinnon’s team found. “The strength of [these currents] has been incredible,” Dr MacKinnon said.

Some of these currents were bringing water as warm as 6C to depths shallower than 50m; these are even more dramatic disturbances than the team had expected.

The source of that deep heat is a layer of warm water that is saltier – and therefore denser – than water at the surface.

As dwindling ice exposes more water to the wind, this turbulence could close a vicious circle, accelerating ice melt, the article warns.

This may all be true. But it doesn’t address the bigger question. If that heated water is coming from the depths of the ocean, how did it get down there?

There is no way that humans could heat the deeper waters without first heating the surface.

I think the best explanation would be that the water is being heated by underwater volcanoes.

Most people aren’t aware of this, but the Arctic Ocean contains untold numbers of underwater volcanoes.

Look at the Gakkel Ridge.

Measuring some 1,800 km (1,100 miles) long, the Gakkel Ridge is made up of mile after mile after mile of huge underwater volcanoes. This chain of underwater volcanoes is far mightier than the Alps, which  measure “only” 1,200 km (750 mi.) long.

Eleven-hundred-miles long. That’s farther than it is from Seattle to Los Angeles. A planetary-sized hot water heater.

Scientists have found “surprisingly strong magmatic activity in the West and the East of the ridge and one of the strongest hydrothermal activities ever seen at mid-ocean ridges.” Indeed, they’ve found “dramatically” higher magmatism than expected.

Forget your global warming nonsense, that water is being heated by underwater volcanoes.



Location of the Gakkel and other ridges

See “Arctic seafloor afire with lava-spewing volcanoes”

Ash darkens skies over a large swath of the archipelagic nation and forces closure of three airports.

Major eruptions at five volcanoes in Indonesia

22 Jul 2015 – Mount Raung on Java island erupted again Wednesday, blasting ash and debris up to 2,000 meters (6,560 feet) into the sky.

Mount Karangetang on Siau island erupted, as has Gamalama and Dukono mountains on the Moluccas islands chain.

Meanwhile, ash from Sinabung volcano on Sumatra island darkened skies and forced the evacuation of more than 10,000 people.

I’m guessing that these five volcanoes are pumping out more CO2 –  and more pollution – than all of humankind.

Volcanoes are most definitely dangerously on the INCREASE as dormant and extinct volcanoes also WAKE-UP! WHY?
Find out by READING the new very informative and innovative book by new author S N Strutt

Mount Shindake suddenly erupted at around 10:00 a.m. local time, sending a large plume of black smoke some 9,000 metersinto the sky. The Japan Meteorological Agency has issued a level five warning for the area, the highest on its scale.

Japan volcano eruption triggers highest alert, locals' evacuation


A sudden volcano eruption on the small southern Japanese island of Kuchinoerabu-jima has forced authorities to raise the alert to the highest level and advise evacuation of the immediate area. Residents have fled by boat to the nearest neighboring island.

Authorities decided to evacuate the island's 137 residents, NHK national television reported. The residents fled by boat to the closest neighboring island of Yakushima, one hour away.

"All I could bring were a few emergency goods. It was utter chaos," one man told Fuji TV. "I'm really worried about things back home."


Mount Shindake suddenly erupted at around 10:00 a.m. local time, sending a large plume of black smoke some 9,000 metersinto the sky. The Japan Meteorological Agency has issued a level five warning for the area, the highest on its scale.


Reuters/Japan Meteorological Agency


A pyroclastic flow of gas and rock flowed down Mount Shindake and reached the ocean, according to authorities, who warn of the possibly of further large-scale eruptions and call for "extreme caution."


"There was a huge bang and black smoke rose up immediately," Nobuaki Hayashi, an island official, told NHK television.

"It sounded like dynamite had exploded, and the house shook," a resident told TV Asahi.

A 72-year-old man suffered burns to the face after being caught in the pyroclastic flow, but there were no other reports of injuries.

A Coast Guard ship was sent to the island for the evacuation of residents, and a military helicopter was also dispatched.

Japan's Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga said the government is trying gather information and secure the safety of residents, emphasizing there is no risk to human life, Reuters reported.

The remote island is located fairly far away from any heavily populated urban areas and is about 160 km south of Sendai nuclear plant, located on Japan's southernmost main island of Kyushu. There were no reports of any irregularities at the plant following the volcanic activity.

As a precaution, some flights to Okinawa and Southeast Asia have been diverted.

Although the island has seen several eruptions, including one in 1933 that killed eight people, Mount Shindake was dormant for 34 years until last year.


Japan Meteorological Agency's Senior Coordinator for volcanic affairs Sadayuki Kitagawa holds an emergency news conference following the eruption of a volcano in southern Japan, as a screen shows a map of the volcano on Kuchinoerabujima, at the agency in Tokyo May 29, 2015. (Reuters/Thomas Peter)

Apocalyptic skies return above Chile after second volcano erupts and entire landscape is bathed in blood red 


  • More astonishing images of a volcanic eruption have emerged from Chile, this time from Villarrica in southern Chile
  • Villarrica, located around 460 miles south of the capital Santiago, is among the most active in South America

    More astonishing, apocalyptic images of a volcanic eruption have emerged from Chile, this time from Villarrica in the south of the country. 

    A band of cloud had wrapped itself around the peak as lava spewed into the air, giving the entire landscape an eerie blood-red glow.  

    Villarrica, located near the popular tourist resort of Pucon around 750 km (460 miles) south of the capital Santiago, is among the most active in South America.


    More astonishing, apocalyptic images of a volcanic eruption have emerged from Chile, this time from Villarrica in the south of the country

    A band of cloud had wrapped itself around the peak as lava spewed into the air, giving the entire landscape an eerie blood-red glow

    Villarrica, located near the popular tourist resort of Pucon around 750 km (460 miles) south of the capital Santiago, is among the most active in South America

    Interest is peaked: From a distance the glow around the peak of the volcano almost looks artificial

    On March 3 a short-lived eruption of ash and rock led to the evacuation of thousands from the nearby area. 

    Britain's Met Office told MailOnline that the clouds wrapped around the volcano are lenticular clouds, which are formed, it said, when the air is stable and winds blow from the same or similar direction at many levels of the troposphere. 


The 'Ring Of Fire Is Shaking Violently' - Massive Uptick In Earthquakes And Volcano Eruptions - Earth 'Is Becoming Increasingly Unstable'

17/5/15 SOURCE:-(

The screen shot below shows all of the 2.5+ and above earthquakes that occurred between May 9, 2015 to May 15, 2015, surrounding the "Ring of Fire," which is where about 90%of the world's earthquakes and 81% of the world's largest earthquakes occur, according to Wiki

(Screen shot from The Event Chronicle)

Not only is there tremendous earthquake activity shaking the earth in these locations, but according to The Economic Collapse Blog, using information obtained from Volcano Discovery, 40 volcanoes around the globe are erupting right now, and 34 of them are along the Ring of Fire. To give context to what this means, they explain "there were a total of 3,542 volcanic eruptions during the entire 20th century.  When you divide that number by 100, that gives you an average of about 35 volcanic eruptions per year.  So the number of volcanoes that are erupting right now is well above the 20th century’s average for an entire calendar year."

This escalation of activity, specifically surrounding the Ring of Fire, which has 452 volcanoes and is home to over 75% of the world's active and dormant volcanoes spanning 25,000 miles in a horseshoe shape, leads Michael Snyder from the Economic Collapse Blog to state "the Ring of Fire is shaking violently," and Earth "is becoming increasingly unstable."

Snyder points out "the things that we have been seeing lately are part of a much larger long-term trend," and asserts "most Americans are never going to care about any of this until it starts affecting them personally," before saying "perhaps they should start paying attention to the warning signs."

In recent weeks we have seen significant earthquakes in Michigan, Texas, Mississippi, California, Idaho And Washington.  In addition, it is being reported that pressure is building in dormant volcanoes in Arizona and California.  Just because we have not had a killer earthquake or a large volcanic eruption in the U.S. in recent years does not mean that it will always be that way.  Right now the entire planet appears to be waking up, and this especially seems to be true of the Ring of Fire.

If you are not familiar with the Ring of Fire, just imagine a giant ring that runs around the outer perimeter of the Pacific Ocean.  Approximately 90 percent of all earthquakes and approximately 75 percent of all volcanic eruptions occur within this area, and the entire west coast of North America is considered to be part of the Ring of Fire.

For so long, the west coast has been incredibly blessed not to have experienced a major seismic event.  But scientists tell us that it is only a matter of time.

And right now, just about every other part of the Ring of Fire is shaking violently.

Read More. 

While the map above shows the earthquake activity from May 9-15, 2015, Gary Walton from The Big Wobble  shows in the first video below, the "massive uptick" of volcano activity for the first week of May 2015. The second video below shows the large quakes and volcano eruptions from the last week in April.


Seven Volcanoes In Six Different Countries All Start Erupting Within Hours Of Each Other

Source: BizLifes  03/5/15

A new island has appeared in the Pacific.

A submarine eruption just off Nishino-Shima Island Japan has erupted for the first time in 40 years. The Japanese Navy noticed the explosions as boiling lava met sea water giving rise to plumes of steam and ash.

Almost 7,000 miles away in Mexico, the Colima volcano blew its top after a period of relative calm. A steam and ash cloud rose two miles into the sky and the grumbling of the mountain could be heard in towns a few miles away.

In Guatemala the ‘Fire Mountain’ belched out lava and sent up a moderate ash cloud causing an ash fall over nearby towns. The explosions and shock waves occurring in the volcano can be felt by residents over 6 miles away. Doors and windows are reported to be rattling, but there has been no damage so far.

In Vanuatu the Yasur volcano is giving some cause for concern.

Although the explosions are quite weak the continuous ash that is coming from the mountain is starting to build up on farming land.

Over to Italy, Mount Etna is putting on quite a display.

The current eruption started a few days ago and has been getting stronger as time moves on. A massive eruption lit up the sky and disturbed residents yesterday. The ash cloud was high enough to see flights canceled. The lava flow was the biggest in years, and the town of Zafferana which lay in its path saw some damage. Lava diverters were put into place, and most of the town escaped unscathed.

In Indonesia a four mile high ash cloud is making life hard for residents. Mount Sinabung came back to life in 2010 after dormancy of hundreds of years. Occasionally coming to life after its 2010 awakening, the rumbling of the volcano prompted the evacuation of over 6000 people as scientists feared a major eruption. There has been no lava flows so far but the ash cloud is growing.



Mount Sinabung ash cloud

Still in Indonesia but on the island of Java this time, Mount Merapi exploded yesterday. Hundreds of people were killed when it last erupted in 2010. There is no news of casualties at this point.

So, we have eruptions big enough to prompt evacuations. Flights are canceled, and a new island pops up off the coast of Japan. I would have called that newsworthy myself but obviously I’m wrong. If I was right it would have been common knowledge right? Reports may have been on the news right?

So many volcanoes throwing so much gas, ash and particulates into the air can have an effect on climate, this is a scientific fact. I’m not saying that these volcanoes herald the start of a new ice age but the planet certainly seems to be getting a bit more active of late.

Continued large eruptions put a huge amount of particulate matter into the atmosphere, and these particles reflect sunlight away from earth and when there is enough of them the temperatures can drop.

The Mount Pinatubo eruption lowered temperatures by around 0.5°C across the Northern Hemisphere.

Considering that we are in a cooling period anyway, having so many volcanoes going off at the same time is not good. Aside from the devastating effects the lava and ash can have on the lives of those living near to them, the global impacts can be enormous.

Lost crops due to ash fall and lower temperatures can lead to hunger and famine, as happened after the Tambora eruption in 1815.

Economic losses due to lost crops and canceled flights runs into millions of dollars a day, as with the Icelandic eruption of Eyjafjallojkull (pronounced: aya fiat la u cud la) in 2010.

The spasms of the earth come without warning, but at the same time those spasms should be a wake up call to all of us that change can happen in the blink of an eye.

Better be prepared for it.

(Editor):- According to many scientists:-Increased volcanic activity both on land and under the sea can be a strong indication of an imminent mini ice-age or even a full-blown ICE-AGE!

How to prepare for it?

Surreal! Sunset turns massive Calbuco eruption into amazing scene

Published time: April 23, 2015 09:02

The record-breaking volcanic eruption in southern Chile is dramatically altering skies, as spectacular views emerge of white plumes creeping miles up into the sky after coloring the night orange. A second blast took place hours ago.

READ MORE: Chile on red alert as Calbuco volcano erupts for first time in 42yrs (VIDEO)

Nature’s colossal power was aptly demonstrated by Calcubo, which erupted a second time just a few hours ago, with agencies reporting a stronger eruption than the first.

An electrical storm mixed with the raging spurts of lava overnight to create what looked like the jaws of hell opening to swallow the surrounding landscape.

AFP Photo / David Cortes


In scenes reminiscent of the movie Independence Day, white mushroom disks adorned the daytime skies, slowly claiming the city of Puerto Varas for their own.

Reuters / Carlos Gutierrez


Even rarer and arguably more precious-looking views opened up against the setting sun, as the white disks collided with its glow.

Reuters / Sergio Candia


For a few hours it looked as though Puerto Varas was entirely submerged beneath a menacing blanket of fire.

Reuters / Rafael Arenas


Breathtaking photography revealed the nighttime sky with its billions of stars, struggling against a mess of dark ash and debris.

This is what the scene looked like in a video.

The Number Of Volcanoes Erupting

Right Now Is Greater Than The

20th Century’s YEARLY Average

Is the number of volcanic eruptions worldwide increasing?  Yes.  During the 20th century, there were a total of 3,542 volcanic eruptions globally.  That works out to approximately 35 eruptions per year.  That may sound like a lot, but according to Volcano Discovery there are 36 volcanoes erupting around the world right now.  In other words, the number of volcanoes erupting as you read this article is greater than the 20th century’s yearly average.  And all of this is part of a larger trend.  In 2013, we witnessed the most volcanic eruptions worldwide that we had ever seen in a single year, and 2015 is already threatening to be another one for the record books.  All over the planet, volcanoes that have long been dormant are beginning to wake up, and this is greatly puzzling many scientists.  Fortunately, most of the eruptions in recent years have been relatively small.  But scientists tell us that if we do see a VEI 7 or a VEI 8 eruption today, the amount of energy that would be released would be somewhere in the neighborhood of a million nuclear bombs going off all at once, and such an eruption would completely literally transform our civilization almost overnight.

The last VEI 7 eruption that the world witnessed was in Indonesia in 1815.

According to the Express, that massive eruption resulted in a “year without summer” and created famine all over the globe…

If you don’t think that such a thing could happen today, you should keep in mind that global food production is just barely keeping up with global food demand.  In fact, in some years the world actually eats more food than it produces.  Global food reserves are at perilously low levels, and so a “year without summer” would be absolutely cataclysmic.

And right now, some of the biggest volcanoes in the world are starting to wake up.

For example, consider what is happening at one of the most prominent volcanoes in Iceland

In Japan, a swarm of earthquakes around Mount Zao has authorities extremely concerned

And a massive volcano near the border between North Korea and China is showing signs of life.  If Mount Paektu were to fully erupt, scientists tell us that the energy released could potentially be equivalent to “1,000,000 nuclear weapons all going off at the same time”

If an eruption of that magnitude were to happen today, it would truly be a global event.

For instance, consider the chaos that an eruption in Iceland in 1783 caused.  The following comes from the Daily Mail

The truth is that volcanoes are far, far, far more of a threat to our climate than human activity is.  All throughout history, volcanic eruptions have instantly changed the climate in a dramatic way.  The following list was compiled by Wikipedia

Are you starting to get the picture?

These kinds of events have happened many times before, and scientists tell us that they will happen again.

Here in the United States, people are closely watching the supervolcano that sits under Yellowstone national park.  In recent years the ground in Yellowstone has been rising, and many observers are concerned that we are witnessing the lead up to a full-blown eruption.

If a full-blown eruption of Yellowstone were to occur, all of our lives would instantly change.  The following are some facts about Yellowstone that I put together for a previous article

#1 A full-scale eruption of Yellowstone could be up to 1,000 time more powerful than the eruption of Mount St. Helens in 1980.

#2 A full-scale eruption of Yellowstone would spew volcanic ash 25 miles up into the air.

#3 The next eruption of Yellowstone seems to be getting closer with each passing year.  Since 2004, some areas of Yellowstone National Park have risen by as much as 10 inches.

#4 There are approximately 3,000 earthquakes in the Yellowstone area every single year.

#5 In the event of a full-scale eruption of Yellowstone, virtually the entire northwest United States will be completely destroyed.

#6 A massive eruption of Yellowstone would mean that just about everything within a 100 mile radius of Yellowstone would be immediately killed.

#7 A full-scale eruption of Yellowstone could also potentially dump a layer of volcanic ash that is at least 10 feet deep up to 1,000 miles away.

#8 A full-scale eruption of Yellowstone would cover virtually the entire midwest United States with volcanic ash.  Food production in America would be almost totally wiped out.

#9 The “volcanic winter” that a massive Yellowstone eruption would cause would radically cool the planet.  Some scientists believe that global temperatures would decline by up to 20 degrees.

#10 America would never be the same again after a massive Yellowstone eruption.  Some scientists believe that a full eruption by Yellowstone would render two-thirds of the United States completely uninhabitable.

#11 Scientists tell us that it is not a matter of “if” Yellowstone will erupt but rather “when” the next inevitable eruption will take place.

Are you beginning to understand why the rise of volcanic activity all over the planet is such a big deal?

Just a single VEI 7 or VEI 8 eruption could fundamentally alter the way that we all live our lives in a single moment.

Despite all of our knowledge and all of our technology, the forces of nature are still vastly more powerful than we are, and scientists assure us that someday the United States will be directly confronted with that reality.

Will a volcanic eruption destroy humanity? Scientists warn that world must begin preparing for explosive global catastrophe.

  • Scientists at the European Science Foundation estimate there is a 5-10% probability of a large explosive volcanic eruption by the end of the century

They warn it could have global impacts that will devastate human society and send humanity back to a state that existed pre-civilisation 

  • Experts have called upon world leaders to spend £2 billion a year to monitor volcanic activity and to increase the ability to respond 

The world is woefully unprepared for a massive volcanic eruption that could kill millions of people and destroy much of modern society, a leading group of scientists have warned.

In a new report on the risks posed by natural disasters, experts at the European Science Foundation concluded that large volcanic eruptions posed the greatest risk human survival.

They calculated that there is between a five to 10 per cent probability of an explosive eruption large enough to cause huge numbers of deaths, alter the climate and poison the atmosphere occurring by the end of the century.

The devastation wrought by Mount Vesuvius on Pompeii (above) could pale into insignificance, scientists warn

Such an eruption would be of a similar size to the explosion of Tambora on Sumbawa, Indonesia in 1815, which killed around 100,000 people at the time.

The ash cloud thrown out from this eruption reached more than 26 miles (43km) into the atmosphere and triggered temperature changes that led to widespread famine and epidemics.


A volcanic eruption of a similar size to Laki eruption that hit Iceland in 1783 could have global impacts according to the new report.

Although the volcano was only rated at VEI 5 on the Volcanic Explosivity Index, it had a profound reach.

The eruption itself caused 9,350 deaths in Iceland and only caused moderate damage.

However, during the eight months that it erupted, it emitted huge amounts of sulfuric aerosols, ash and other gases.

This caused 'one of the most important climatic and socially repercussive events of the last millennium', according to the scientists at the European Science Foundation.

In Iceland an estimated 20–25% of the population died in the famine and from fluorine poisoning after the fissure eruptions ceased.

Around 80% of sheep, 50% of cattle, and 50% of horses died because of dental and skeletal fluorosis from the 8 million tons of hydrogen fluoride that were released.

There is evidence that the Laki eruption also weakened African and Indian monsoon circulations, reducing precipitation over areas in Africa.

The resulting famine that afflicted Egypt in 1784 caused nearly one sixth of the country's population to die out.

In Britain the summer of 1783 was known as the 'sand summer' because of the ash fallout and an estimated 25,000 people died due to breathing problems.

Extreme weather hit much of Europe, North America and the Gulf of Mexico for several years in the aftermath of the eruption, says the report. 

The summer following the Tambora eruption is known as 'the year without summer'.

The scientists warn, however, that rising population levels and increasing reliance on global travel could mean the impacts of a similar eruption could be far more severe.

Writing in their report Extreme Geohazards: Reducing the Disaster Risk and Increasing Resilience, the experts warn that there needs to be an international response to prepare for such a disaster and to monitor for similar events.

They estimate that it could cost between £340 million ($500 million) and £2.3 billion ($3.5 billion) a year to increase the level of monitoring for catastrophic volcanic eruptions, but the benefits that an early warning could give would ten to hundreds of times greater.

The report states: 'Although in the last few decades earthquakes have been the main cause of fatalities and damage, the main global risk is large volcanic eruptions that are less frequent but far more impactful than the largest earthquakes.

'Due to their far-reaching effects on climate, food security, transportation, and supply chains, these events have the potential to trigger global disaster and catastrophe.

'The cost of response and the ability to respond to these events is beyond the financial and political capabilities of any individual country.

'An international geopolitical response will be required, where science has a unique and key role in preparation, response and mitigation.'

The report, which was presented at the general assembly of the European Geosciences Union in Vienna on Tuesday, examines the main geohazards facing the world including earthquakes, drought, asteroid strikes, floods, tsunamis, hurricanes, avalanches and wildfires.

It said that large to extreme earthquakes and tsunamis had been more common in the past 2000 years and this had focused the world's disaster response resources onto this threat.

But it concluded that the risk posed by volcanic eruptions is potentially far more serious.

Pointing to recent eruptions like the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajokull, which caused widespread disruption when it threw clouds of ash into the atmosphere.

The 1783 explosion of the Laki volcano (above) poisoned much of the surrounding land in Iceland but its impact stretched far further, creating ash that caused the death of 25,000 people in the UK and a famine in Egypt

The map above shows major volcanic eruptions from the past 2,000 years and some from the last 2m years

It created the highest level of air travel disruption in Europe since the second world war and cost the European economy around $5 billion.

However, the researchers said that this eruption was relatively minor - rating between three and four on the Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI).

By comparison, the volcanic eruption in 79AD of Mount Vesuvius that destroyed Pompeii in Italy was around VEI5. Mount St Helen's explosion in 1980 was also VEI5.

The report states that there has been around 20 eruptions greater than VEI5 since 1500 with only the Tambora eruption reaching VEI7.

However around 75,000 years ago the explosion of a supervolcano at the site of Lake Toba on Sumatra in Indonesia was one of the world's largest known eruptions - rated VEI8.

It caused a global volcanic winter that lasted around 10 years and has been linked to 1,000 years of cooling.

The remains of the Tambora volcano in Sumbawa, Indonesia (above) triggered global changes in climate


The graphic above shows the magnitude of volcanic eruptions on the Volcanic Explosivity Index. On the left it shows the volume of tephra (volcanic material) thrown out while on the right it shows the size of the ash plume

There is also some evidence that suggests around this time human populations fell to some of their lowest levels ever, clinging on in just a few isolated groups.

The report says that eruptions on this scale occur between once every 45,000 years to once every 714,000 years, but such an eruption could kill up to a tenth of the world's population.

'Events on the scale of the Toba eruption 74,000 years ago could return humanity to a pre-civilisation state,' warned the scientists.

'Volcanic eruptions can have more severe impacts through atmospheric and climate effects and can lead to drastic problems in food and water security, as emphasised by the widespread famine and diseases that were rampant after the Laki 1783 and Tambora 1815 eruptions.

'Hence extreme volcanic eruptions pose a higher associated risk than all other natural hazards with similar recurrence periods, including asteroid impacts.'

This graph shows the analsysis of the relative threat posed by different natural disasters to mankind

The experts also warned that even smaller eruptions, similar to the Laki eruption in Iceland in 1783, could have global impacts.

While the eruption caused 9,350 deaths in Iceland, the eight month emission of sulfuric aerosols, ash and other gases caused 'one of the most important climatic and socially repercussive events of the last millennium'.

In Iceland an estimated 20–25% of the population died in the famine and from fluorine poisoning after the fissure eruptions ceased.

The resulting famine that afflicted Egypt in 1784 caused nearly one sixth of the country's population to die out.

The eruption of Eyjafjallajokull (above) in 2010 caused widespread air traffic disruption but was relatively minor

The table above shows the estimated impacts caused by different volcanic eruptions in recent times

In Britain the summer of 1783 was known as the 'sand summer' because of the ash fallout and an estimated 25,000 people died due to breathing problems.

The scientists wrote: 'Why are we not prepared for extreme events? Reasons for this include the low perceived likelihood of such an event, low political sensitivity, and a disconnect between scientific communities and decision-makers.

'Reasons for the lack of socially acceptable strategies include the cost of preparing

for an extreme hazard, and, in some cases, the belief that consequences are so extreme that preparedness is futile.'

They added that world leaders now need to spend up to £2 billion a year on a global network to monitor volcanic activity as even a few weeks of early warning could be crucial.

'Threats from low-frequency, high impact events are grossly underestimated in disaster risk reduction. This is particularly true for volcanic eruptions.

'During the Holocene, at least seven VEI 7 eruptions took place. All but one occurred at a time when the global population was far below 1 billion.

'With a population above 7 billion and heading for 12 billion, a recurrence of a VEI 7 eruption could have extreme consequences.'

BLUE LAVA erupts from volcano in Indonesia earlier this year



Storm in an ash cloud: Electrifying shots of Mexican volcanic eruption show lightning bolts striking inside its ash plume


  • Lightning flash spotted in the ash cloud of the Colima Volcano which is 301 miles west of Mexico City 
  • Strikes caused by high levels of electric charge building up as ash particles rub together
  • Bolts can heat surrounding air to 3,000°C and melt ash in the cloud into glassy spheres, scientists discovered

 There are few things more beautiful - or terrifying - than the menacing flash of lightning bolts within a volcanic ash cloud.

The latests picture, captured by an amateur photographer as the Colima volcano in Mexico spews out a plume of ash and lava, reveals the raw power of a volcanic eruption.

Hernando Rivera Cervantes took the pictures as local authorities warned those living around the volcano, which is also known as the Fire volcano, to prepare for a possible evacuation.

Lightning strikes inside the enormous ash cloud thrown into the air by the Colima volcano (above) in Mexico

The 12,400 feet (3,800 metre) high volcano, which first erupted in 1576, is one of the most active volcanoes in Mexico.

Mr Cervantes spent eight hours watching the volcano as it threw ash up to 1.8 miles (three kilometres) into the atmosphere before managing to capture the rare picture.

He said: 'I waited for eight hours, knowing something was going to happen. When the lightning arrived it was magical. An unforgettable experience.'

These blots of lightning are thought to occur due to the build up of electric charge in the ash cloud as the particles rub against each other.

Just like in a thunder cloud, this charge eventually builds up until it seeks a path through to the ground as lightning. 


This sequence of images captured by photographer Hernando Rivera Cervantes show the lightning flashes as the Colima volcano erupted

Mr Cervantes also managed to capture this night-time image above of lava spilling from the erupting volcano



Small volcanic eruptions over the past 20 years have been protecting the Earth from global warming, according to a recent study.

Scientists have confirmed that droplets of sulphur-rich aerosols spewed into the upper atmosphere by volcanoes have been reflecting sunlight away from the Earth.

Until recently it was thought that only particularly large eruptions had any noticeable affect on the climate.

However, a study published earlier this year has confirmed results from the end of last year that showed these small eruptions can have an accumulative impact on global temperature.

This could have helped decrease the global temperatures by between 0.05°C to 0.12°C over the past 15 years. 

Earlier this month scientists discovered that it is this lightning that is responsible for making the glass spheres that can appear in volcanic rocks.

They found that the intense heat generated by the lightning bolts causes the ash to melt into spherules of smooth glass.

A bolt of volcanic lighting can heat the surrounding air to more than 3,000°C, according to the researchers from the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa.

Dr Kimberly Genareau, a volcanologist at the University of Alabama, said their findings suggested that the role lightning plays in volcanic eruptions may be under reported.

Writing in the journal Geology, she said: 'We refer to this new morphological classification of ash grains as lightning-induced volcanic spherules (LIVS).

'Observation of LIVS in tephras (volcanic rocks) will provide evidence of lightning occurrence during eruptions where lightning was not directly observed or documented.' 

The Colima volcano is actually one of three volcanic domes that make up the Colima Volcanic complex in the Mexican state of Colima, 301 miles west of Mexico City.

It has erupted around 40 times since its first recorded activity in 1576. There are now around 300,000 people living in it shadow.

The volcano has a history of large and explosive eruptions, which has meant it is also one of the most studied volcanoes in Mexico.

Although lightning in volcanic ash clouds has been observed for a long time, scientists have only recently begun to understand what causes it. 


The Colima volcano is regarded as one of the most dangerous in Mexico due to its large explosive eruptions

Mr Cervantes (shown above) spent eight hours waiting to capture his stunning images of the Colima volcano

Getting close enough to an erupting volcano is dangerous, so scientists at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich recreated volcanic lightning in a lab.

In 2013 they suspended volcanic ash gathered from sites around the world in a chamber filled with argon gas, forcing the concoction through a narrow tube.

They found that the movement of ash particles against each other as they go from the compressed environment under the Earth's surface into the atmosphere during an eruption causes a built of up static charge.

When the ash reaches the atmosphere, the energy is discharged as lightning bolts.


Iceland’s lava field now extends 33 square miles: Why are Earth’s volcanoes suddenly oozing so much lava?

SOURCE:-January 20, 2015 by The Extinction Protocol


January 2015 – HAWAII – The Hawaii Tribune-Herald reports an active breakout of the Kilauea Volcano lava flow that began June 27 advanced about 120 yards toward Highway 130. An update Saturday from the Hawaii County Civil Defense said the original flow front and south margin breakout remain stalled. However, a breakout along the north side of the flow remains active and has advanced down slope below an area near the stalled front. The leading edge of the breakout was 0.4 miles from Highway 130 and west of the Pahoa police and fire stations. The Civil Defense agency says dry weather is likely to keep brush fires a concern. –Fox 8

Tonga underwater volcano creates new island: A Tongan volcano has created a substantial new island since it began erupting last month, spewing out huge volumes of rock and dense ash that has killed nearby vegetation, officials said on Friday. The volcano, about 65 kilometers (40 miles) northwest of the South Pacific nation’s capital Nuku’alofa, rumbled to life on December 20 for the first time in five years, the Lands and Natural Resources Ministry said. It said the volcano was erupting from two vents, one on the uninhabited island of Hunga Ha’apai and the other underwater about 100 meters (328 feet) offshore.

The ministry said experts took a boat trip to view the eruption on Thursday and confirmed it had transformed the local landscape. “The new island is more than one kilometer (0.6 mile) wide, two kilometers (1.2 miles) long and about 100 meters (328 feet) high,” it said in a statement. “During our observations the volcano was erupting about every five minutes to a height of about 400 meters (1,312 feet), accompanied by some large rocks… as the ash is very wet, most is being deposited close to the vent, building up the new island.”

It said ash and acidic rain was deluging an area 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) around the volcano, adding: “Leaves on trees on Hunga Tonga and Hunga Ha’apai have died, probably caused by volcanic ash and gases.” A number of international flights were cancelled earlier this week amid concerns about the volcano’s ash plume but they resumed on Wednesday, with authorities saying debris from the eruption was not being thrown high into the atmosphere. “Tonga, which is almost 2,000 kilometers (1,243 miles) northeast of New Zealand, lies on the so-called Pacific “Ring of Fire,” where continental plates collide causing frequent volcanic and seismic activity. –Discovery News

Iceland volcano still erupting: Five months after it sparked fears of aviation disruption in Europe, this aerial footage shows the Bardarbunga volcano in Iceland continuing to magnificently erupt. Seismic activity from the volcano has continued since August last year, with small earthquakes occurring daily in the area, according to a report by the Icelandic Met Office. The Holuhraun lava field is now around 85 square kilometers (33 square miles), NASA has said. 

 It is Iceland’s largest baslatic lava flow since the Laki eruption in 1783-1784, with lava flowing at an estimated 50 to 70 cubic meters per second over the last few weeks. High levels of sulphuric dioxide are still being recorded in the area, which has triggered evacuations of villages. Air exclusion zones were put in place when the volcano first began to erupt on 27 August. In 2010, an ash cloud from the Eyjafjallajokull volcano closed much of Europe’s air space for six days. –Sky News

 Bigger than the island of Manhattan, the lava flow from the Holuhraun lava field in Iceland is now the largest the country has seen in more than 200 years, reports the Washington Post.

Scientists from the University of Iceland sample basalt lava from the eruption at Holuhraun of the Bárðarbunga volcanic system. September 2014.

Since August of last year, lava flowing out of the Bárðarbunga volcanic system has  spread a total of 32 square miles (84 sq km), according to NASA’s Earth Observatory. This makes it the largest lava flow since the 1783–84 Laki eruption that wiped out 20 percent of Iceland’s population (and killed as many as eight million people worldwide).

Scientists from the University of Iceland’s Institute of Earth Sciences estimate that the thickness of the lava  on the eastern part of the field at about 10 meters (33 feet) thick, the center at 12 meters, and the western part at 14 meters. Their preliminary analysis put the volume of lava at 1.1 cubic kilometers, enough for the eruption to be considered a flood basalt.

Although activity appears to be slowing, as to today “Holuhraun continues to spew out copious amounts of lava and sulfur dioxide,” says Adam Voiland of NASA.

Time-bomb? Iceland volcanic eruption mystery – ground sinking below lava build-up by a foot a day

January 2015SKAFTAFELL, IcelandJust north of here, on the far side of the impenetrable Vatnajokull ice sheet, lava is spewing from a crack in the earth on the flanks of Bardarbunga, one of Iceland’s largest volcanoes. By volcanologists’ standards, it is a peaceful eruption, the lava merely spreading across the landscape as gases bubble out of it. For now, those gases — especially sulfur dioxide, which can cause respiratory and other problems — are the main concern, prompting health advisories in the capital, Reykjavik, 150 miles to the west, and elsewhere around the country. But sometime soon, the top of Bardarbunga, which lies under as much as half a mile of ice, may erupt explosively. That could send plumes of gritty ash into the sky that could shut down air travel across Europe because of the damage the ash can do to jet engines. And it could unleash a torrent of glacial meltwater that could wipe out the only road connecting southern Iceland to the capital. All of that could happen. Then again, it may not.
Such are the mysteries of volcanoes that more than four months after Bardarbunga began erupting, scientists here are still debating what will happen next. The truth is, no one really knows. Volcanic eruptions are among the Earth’s most cataclysmic events, and understanding how and when they happen can be crucial to saving lives and reducing damage to infrastructure and other property. Scientists have several powerful tools to help, but in the end, they are often reduced to analyzing possibilities within possibilities, chains of potential events that could unfold in multiple ways. “Volcanoes are really difficult to predict because they are so nonlinear,” said Pall Einarsson, a geophysicist at the University of Iceland. “They can suddenly decide to do something very different.” For now, the eruption remains what volcanologists call an effusive one — the lava, consisting primarily of molten basalt, is thin enough that the gases bubble out with little explosive force.
And the amounts of sulfur dioxide and other gases, while a concern locally, are nowhere near the amounts produced by an eruption at a fissure called Laki in the 1780s. In that event, the gases poisoned livestock across Iceland, leading to a famine that killed about a quarter of the country’s population and had other effects in Europe and elsewhere. One possibility is that the current eruption will eventually peter out as the source of magma is depleted. “Maybe the most likely scenario is something similar to what we’ve been seeing,” Sigmundsson said. But that could take a while; although the volume of lava has declined, it has done so only very gradually, he said, suggesting the eruption could continue for many months. But there are many other possibilities. Bardarbunga sits at the heart of a complex system of volcanoes and “has a history of affecting its neighbors,” Einarsson said. Were the dike to continue moving to the northeast, he said, it could set off an eruption at the nearby Askja volcano, although that seems less likely.
Of greater concern is what is happening at Bardarbunga’s caldera, the wide, deep valley at the top of the mountain that is filled with hardened magma from past eruptive activity. Earthquake data and GPS measurements show that this hardened magma, which acts like a plug, is sinking, probably as the hot magma below it escapes through the fissure to the north. The subsidence is astonishingly rapid, about a foot a day, and the question is how much more of this the plug can take before it breaks up. “As of now, the system seems to be relatively stable,” Einarsson said. “But it’s almost certain that this can’t last very long, and that’s what people are worried about. Because this plug is bound to disintegrate as it moves so much.” If the plug cracks apart, the hot magma below would have a new, easier path to the surface — straight up — where it would combine with ice to cause a steam-magma explosion. Such an eruption could create a large plume of ash that could disrupt air travel, as the eruption at another Icelandic volcano did in 2010. Its effects on the surrounding region could be catastrophic as well, with glacial meltwater collecting in the caldera until it overflows, causing a vast flood.
That has happened countless times in Iceland’s geological history, and it is what created the eerie skeidararsandur, the vast delta west of Skaftafell that resembles the surface of the moon, as floodwaters brought huge quantities of black volcanic sand down from the mountains. The skeidararsandur could take the brunt of a flood again, although it would depend on precisely where the eruption occurred. A short distance this way or that, and the floodwaters might flow to the north, or even to the west — an especially troubling possibility given that several hydroelectric dams responsible for much of Iceland’s electricity could be damaged or destroyed. “One can never be absolutely certain about predicting,” Einarsson said. “So we have to line up all the possible scenarios and stretch our imaginations to figure out what could possibly happen.” –Alaskan Dispatch

Thursday, 11 December 2014

How Icelandic volcano Bardarbunga will plunge Europe into the dark ages


Its a question of when not if! 
The eruption of Icelandic volcano Bardarbunga will have sweeping repercussions for the whole of Europe, and has been pencilled in as an "outrageous" risk for 2015 by Saxo Bank

It is on our door step and is a constant threat but for some reason it is almost never mentioned in the media.
Yet again, an Icelandic volcano threatens to fracture the political landscape of Europe.

An explosion of Bardarbunga could wreak agricultural havoc, shifting weather patterns, and leading to a doubling of grain prices.

As the volcano Bardarbunga has been “quietly” erupting for more than 100 days, it could now enter “a far more intense eruption phase”, said John Hardy, head of FX strategy at Saxo Bank.

This would result in “potentially climate altering consequences for the next year or more”, he added.
The forecast is one of a series of “outrageous predictions” made by Denmark’s Saxo Bank for 2015, events that could represent under-appreciated risks over the next 12 months.
This event would be far larger than the 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajokull, which the International Air Transport Association said cost more than 1 billion euro's More here

An event on the scale of the eruption of Laki in 1783 - another Icelandic volcano would result in clouds of ash creating dense fog all over Ireland Britain and most of Europe.
The cloud of noxious gas
would settle over the continent, resulting in mass livestock deaths and the decimation of crops, air travel would be none existent and the weather would be unbearably cold.
The food scarcity that followed would eventually lead to unrest in all over Europe,
Red Warning
The volcano was assigned a "red" warning last summer.
The Icelandic Met Office description states that this signified an imminent risk of eruption, with a significant emission of ash into the atmosphere likely. After a large earthquake in August Bardarbunga has now been continually erupting for more than three months
The current "period of seismic unrest is one of the largest ever recorded in a volcano globally", Iceland’s own Civil Protection and Emergency Management has said.
Imagine a winter of massive storms, constant flooding, raging winds and none stop rain and snow,  you would think of the winter of 2013-14 in the U.K.
Add one more possibility into the mix a, giant cloud of volcanic ash, we would have a winter like no other.
A winter plunged into darkness, unbearable cold, massive storms, constant flooding, raging winds and none stop rain and snow.
Throw in travel disruption, flood and wind damage to houses and infrastructure, livestock deaths, the demand on the grid system and the emergency services and you have a very plausible possibility for the U.K. this winter.



Drastic increase in Volcanic activity worldwide:- EVIDENCE

(Introduction from Author:

Jesus predicted in Matthew chapter 24 that ONE of the SIGNS of HIS RETURNING would be a DRASTIC INCREASE in SEISMIC ACTIVITY including both Earthquakes and volcanic activity, which is really starting to go really wildly of the scale, in increased FREQUENCY!)

Earthquakes and volcano activity, earthquakes and volcanoes)

10/22/2014 — “Global Surge” in Earthquakes admitted and discussed at Geological Society Meeting

October 22, 2014 Michael Janitch Leave a comment

Larger earthquakes, and multiple volcanic eruptions are the sign of it.  Tsunamis, injuries, damaged infrastructure, and human casualties are the result of it.

What is “it”?

“It” is Global seismic activity.  And “it” is picking up in pace.

Watch the video report here:

Researchers online have been calling it a “global unrest event” for the past 3 years or so… on the other hand, most “professionals”, and professional skeptics have been in denial, saying “everything is normal”, and that “earthquakes happen all the time”.

The average person on the street is most likely completely unaware that anything out of the ordinary is afoot, geologically / volcanically speaking that is to say. The amount of resistance I’ve personally been met with, when putting out earthquake + volcano posts saying there is an “uptick” or “global unrest” underway, has been phenomenal.

Now, we come to find out that the “professionals” are discussing what THEY are calling a “global surge” of earthquakes — the surge apparently began in 2004, and carries on to today.

Recent examples of the 8.0M+ earthquake “surge”:

Above: June 23, 2014 – 8.0M earthquake strikes Alaska Above: April 12, 2014 – 8.3M earthquake strikes Papua New Guinea Above: April 1, 2014 – 8.0M earthquake strikes Chile Above: February 2, 2013 – 8.0M earthquake strikes Santa Cruz islands Above: May 23, 2013 – 8.3M earthquake strikes Sea of Oktusk Russia Above: October 27, 2012 – 7.7M earthquake strikes British Columbia Canada Above: April 11, 2012 – TWO 8.0M+ earthquakes in Sumatra Indonesia along the Indo-Australia Ridge

Full article below:

A global surge of great earthquakes from 2004-2014 and implications for Cascadia

21 October 2014

“The last ten years have been a remarkable time for great  earthquakes.  Since December 2004 there have been no less than 18 quakes of Mw8.0 orgreater – a rate of more than twice that seen from 1900 to mid-2004.

Hundreds of thousands of lives have been lost and massive damage has resulted from these great earthquakes. But as devastating
as such events can be, these recent great quakes have come with a silver lining: They coincide with unprecedented advances in technological and scientific capacity for learning from them.

“We previously had very limited information about how ruptures grow into great earthquakes and interact with regions around them,” said seismologist Thorne Lay of the University of California at Santa Cruz. “So we are using the recorded data for these recent events to guide our understanding of future earthquakes. We’ve gained a new level of appreciation for how one earthquake can influence events in other zones.”

High on the list of areas ripe for a great quake is Cascadia, the Pacific Northwest, where the risk for great quakes had long been under appreciated. Evidence began surfacing about 20 years ago that
there had been a great quake in the region in the year 1700. Since then the view of the great quake risk in Cascadia has shifted dramatically.

“We don’t know many details about what happened in 1700,” said Lay. There were no instruments back then to observe and record it. And so the best way to try and understand the danger and what could happen in Cascadia is to study the recent events

Over the last decade Lay and his colleagues have been able to gather fine details about these giant earthquakes using data from an expanded global networks of seismometers, GPS stations, tsunami
gauges, and new satellite imaging capabilities such as GRACE, InSAR, and LandSAT interferometry.

Among the broader conclusions they have come to is that great quakes are very complicated and idiosyncratic. Lay will be presenting some of those idiosyncrasies at the meeting of the Geological Society of America in Vancouver on Oct. 21.

“What we’ve seen is that we can have multiple faults activated,” said Lay. “We’ve seen it off Sumatra and off Japan. Once earthquakes get
going they can activate faulting in areas that were thought not physically feasible.”
The great Sumatra-Andaman earthquake of Dec. 26, 2004, for instance, unzipped a 1,300 kilometer long segment of the subduction zone and unleashed one of history’s most destructive, deadly tsunamis.

Much of the rupture was along a region with very limited plate convergence. In Japan, the Kuril Islands, and the Solomon Islands, great megathrust ruptures have ruptured portions of the subduction zones that were thought too warm or weak to experience earthquakes.
“These earthquakes ruptured right through areas that had been considered to have low risk,” said Lay. “We thought that would not happen. But it did, so we have to adjust our understanding.”

Perhaps the best recent analogy to Cascadia is offthe coast of Iquique, Chile, said Lay. There had been a great quake in 1877, and a conspicuous gap in quakes ever since. Like the 1700 Cascadia earthquake, there is little data for the 1877 event, which killed more than 2,500 people.

In both subduction zones, the converging plates are thought to be accumulating strain which could be released in a very large and violent rupture. On April 1 of this year, some of that strain was released offshore of Iquique. There was a Mw8.1 rupture in the northern portion of the seismic gap. But it involved slip over less than 20 percent of the region that seismologists believe to have accumulated strain since 1877.

“We have no idea why only a portion of the 1877 zone ruptured,” said Lay. “But clearly, 80 percent of that zone is still unruptured. We don’t have a good basis for assessment of how the rest will fail. It’s the same for Cascadia. We don’t know if it always goes all at once or sometimes in sequences of smaller events, with alternating pattern. It is prudent to prepare for the worst case of failure of the entire region in a single event, but it may not happen that way every time.”

What is certain is that studying these recent big earthquakes has given geophysicists the best information ever about how they work and point to new ways to begin understanding what could be in Cascadia’s future.

More information: A GLOBAL SURGE OF


Session No. 178. P4. Great Earthquakes, the
Cascadia Subduction Zone, and Society I



Drastic increase in Volcanic activity worldwide!

(Introduction by author of "Out of the Bottomless Pit")

Volcanoes is one of the  smaller topics in my new book, but nevertheless an important topic.

Here are three articles about many volcanoes "waking up" around the world just now.

The big question is WHY? And  in particular WHYexactly right now?


Thousands of undersea volcanoes revealed in new map of ocean floor

Posted on October 22, 2014 by The Extinction Protocol (


October 2014 – GEOLOGY - Scientists have created the highest resolution map yet of the ocean floor, revealing thousands of underwater mountains and extinct volcanoes that were previously unknown. In a study published Thursday in Science, researchers say the new map is at least twice as accurate as the previous version assembled nearly 20 years ago even though it can only resolve features that are a mile high and bigger. “You might think, that’s not so much better, but instead of seeing 5,000 old volcanoes down there, now we can see 10,000,” said David Sandwell, a geophysics professor at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego who led the study. Scientists know remarkably little about the deep-sea floor. Sandwell thinks of it almost as a separate planet in our solar system that we have only begun to explore. “We have maps of Mars that have 100 to 10,000 times more resolution than maps of the deep ocean,” he said.

To create the new map, the researchers used data collected by two satellite observatories: the European Space Agency’s CryoSat-2, and the Jason-1, operated by NASA and the French space agency CNES. Both spacecraft have instruments that can measure the topography of the ocean surface within a fraction of an inch. Large mountains and volcanoes on the ocean floor affect the height of the water at the ocean’s surface, so measuring the surface can give a good idea of what is going on below. “You have to go through a bit of math and physics to get there, but, for example, a 1.2-mile-high volcano will produce a very low amplitude bump on the ocean surface of about 10 centimeters over 12.5 miles,” Sandwell said. “This is how we are measuring what is on the bottom.”In the Science study, the researchers noted two of the most obvious features that the higher resolution map allowed them to see: a previously hidden ridge in the South Atlantic that is almost 500 miles long, and another ridge in the Gulf of Mexico that is as wide as Texas.

Asked whether we would ever be able to see the bottom of the seafloor with resolution as high as those images of Mars, a planet more than 100 million miles away, Sandwell responded: “Not in our lifetimes.” It’s not that it’s impossible to map the ocean in much greater detail, it’s just that it’s expensive and time-consuming, he explained. Instruments carried on ships can resolve the features of the ocean floor to within 32 feet, giving researchers about 500 times better spatial resolution than what the satellites can provide. “To do that mapping would take somewhere between 100 and 200 ship years,” he said. “If you had 10 ships you could do it in 10 years, but no one is willing to pay for that. It would cost about the same as a Mars mission.” –LA Times


Colombia-Ecuador border quake sparks fear of possible volcanic eruptions – volcanoes awakening after 160,000 years?

October 2014 COLOMBIA - Authorities in southwestern Colombia have raised alert levels on Tuesday after a 5.6 magnitude earthquake hit the border region, sparking concerns that two nearby volcanoes might erupt in a matter of days. Colombia’s Geological Service have changed the alert level of two volcanoes from yellow to orange. The two volcanoes are Cerro Negro de Mayasquer and Chiles, both active on Colombia’s southern border to Ecuador. The orange alert level is defined by the Geological Service as “probable eruption in term of days to weeks.” The earthquake that hit the border region causes a scare on both side of the border.
Officials in the Colombian town of Cumbal, near the quake’s epicenter, were quoted as saying by The Associated Press that they formed an emergency committee to survey possible damage. But so far, there were no reports of injuries in the town of 36,000 residents, the majority of them members of an indigenous tribe. “It was really strong, every house” felt it, Jose Diomedes Juezpesan, the town’s top official, told AP. If the volcanoes are to erupt, it will mostly affect the state Nariño. Local state governments have started to take security measures in order prevent tragedies. Nariño government officials have recommended suspending school classes, delivered a special communication system to indigenous communities in the area and offered the indigenous communities tents if the evacuate their premise while the volcanoes are on high alert. Neither one of the volcanoes have erupted in the past 160,000 years. –Columbia Reports


Officials in Indonesia warn Mt. Sinabung’s volcanic eruption could continue almost indefinitely

October 2014 INDONESIA - An observation team says that Mount Sinabung in Karo regency, North Sumatra, is likely to continue erupting for quite some time following an increase in seismic activity on Monday. As of 12 p.m. Monday, Mt. Sinabung had 148 temblors comprising 83 short-period quakes, 34 low-frequency and 31 mixed tremors. Observation team member Arif Cahyo said Mt. Sinabung’s tectonic quakes showed that a large volume of magma was present, indicating that the volcano would continue to erupt for a long time. “We cannot determine how long Mt. Sinabung will continue to erupt, but if we observe the increase in seismic activity, it will definite be a long time,” Arif told The Jakarta Post on Monday. Arif said that Mt. Sinabung was still erupting and emitting pyroclastic flows and volcanic ash sporadically. He said the volcano had emitted pyroclastic clouds twice on Sunday and three times on Monday. “Until Monday noon, the volcano discharged pyroclastic flows three times that drifted as far as 2,500 meters to the south, while volcanic ash drifted up to 1,500 meters to the east,” said Arif, who voiced fear that Berastagi city would be covered by ash that had been drifting east for the past two days.
Two weeks ago, the wind carried volcanic ash east, paralyzing trading activities as many shops were forced to close. A week later, the wind shifted to the west in the direction of the three districts of Payung, Tiganderket and Kuta Buluh. Currently, pyroclastic clouds are drifting to the east in the direction of Berastagi city. Arif said his office had yet to recommend that the volcanic’s status be raised from alert level 3 (caution) as it considered the situation relatively safe for residents living beyond a 3-km radius of the volcano peak. Sinabung has been erupting for the past year and has shown so signs of stopping. Fourteen people have been killed and tens of thousands of residents forced to take shelter elsewhere. North Sumatra Governor Gatot Pujo Nugroho said his administration had proposed to the central government that the current eruptions be categorized as a national disaster, as demanded by a number of provincial legislators. However, Gatot said the proposal had not been approved by the central government as a number of criteria had not been meet, such as the number of fatalities and material losses caused by the eruptions.
“The provincial administration has conveyed the proposal, but the central government has not approved it,” Gatot told the media when he attended security preparations for the new president’s inaugural celebration at Merdeka Square in Medan on Monday. The prolonged eruptions have taken away the livelihoods of people living around the volcano, which started erupting in September last year. The supply of agricultural products in the regency, which is known for its oranges, has sharply decreased as volcanic ash has blanketed thousands of hectares of farmland. –Jakarta Post